Gardening in November
We’ve put together a detailed list of jobs that can be done whilst you’re gardening in November:
Plant your fruit bushes (blackcurrants, redcurrants and gooseberries) between November and March. Tip: Now’s the time to buy things to help your garden get through winter. This includes fruit cages, netting soil conditioner, mulches, fleeces and outdoor pots.
Plant out your Wallflower seedlings to fill in any gaps in borders. For a bit of extra spring impact, plant tulips in a contrasting colour between them. Clear any fallen leaves from the beds. Now is the last chance to plant out winter bedding.
This is your last chance to plant tulips for spring flowering. Make sure you’ve brought any tender plants and bulbs inside or put them into a heated greenhouse (they don’t like the cold).
Line wire baskets and fill them with bulbs for spring flowering. Insulate your pots with bubble wrap. Move any tender plants into a sheltered place, like a porch or greenhouse to help get them through the worst of the winter weather.
Once you’ve picked your last blackberries, cut back the canes that have produced fruit to ground level, and tie in the best new canes. Prune any cane fruits (like raspberries) when they’ve finished producing fruit. It is also a good time to start moving fruit trees to new locations.
Before the winter sets in, clean the exterior of the greenhouse by washing the panes of glass with warm water and a sponge.
If part of your hedge has seen better days, now is the time to dig up any dead or dying plants and replace them. Bare-root deciduous (seasonal leaf) hedging plants, trees and shrubs become available this month. They need to be planted as soon as possible to avoid them dying out.
Bring a splash of colour and scent indoors. Hyacinths, Cyclamen and Azalea all look good as houseplants. Poinsettias are now available in Homebase too.
Clear any fallen leaves from lawns. In milder parts of the country, you can still carry out autumn lawn care like scarification, aeration and top dressing – as long as the soil isn’t waterlogged. It is now too late to sow grass seed, but new lawns can still be laid from turf.
Perennials (winter surviving plants)
Cut back yellowing foliage on hardy perennials like Hostas (it will make the garden look tidier and stop pests from using the leaves as shelter over winter). Continue to cut down faded herbaceous perennials (like apple blossom) and add these to the compost heap.
Prune roses to prevent wind damage. It is an ideal time to plant roses. Avoid planting in areas where roses were previously growing, otherwise, new roses may suffer from replant diseases (rose sickness). Any climbing roses should be cut back now.
It’s the end of the growing season for Dogwood (Cornus), Honeysuckle and other woody shrubs. Create new plants by taking hardwood cuttings from ripened stems. Pruning and renovation of many deciduous shrubs and hedges can be carried out from now throughout the winter.
Pruning and renovation of many deciduous trees, shrubs and hedges can be carried out from now throughout the winter. Tree and shrub seeds and berries can still be picked and sown, once they’re ripe.
Plant early broad beans and peas. Plant winter hardy (autumn planting) onions and garlic for a crop in early June. It’s your last chance to sow winter salad seeds (don’t forget to plant them under glass for an early crop). Pick and enjoy your vegetables like kale, brussels & broccoli.